Software Installaton Administrator's Guide
About This Guide
The Software Installation Administrator's Guide explains how to install
Silicon Graphics® software products using Inst, the command line interface
to the installation utility, inst(1M). This guide introduces readers to
Silicon Graphics software release conventions and explains how to plan,
execute, and maintain a software installation on Silicon Graphics workstations
and servers. The Software Installation Administrator's Guide provides
instructions for performing conventional installations and specialized
installations that rely on system firmware (miniroot installations).
When to Use This Guide
As of IRIX (TM) 5.3, the inst utility includes Software Manager, a
graphical user interface to installation. Software Manager is documented
separately in the Personal System Administration Guide.
Because of its graphical features, Software Manager cannot be used for
miniroot installations. To perform miniroot installations, use Inst and the
instructions provided in
of this guide. Information in
explains how to determine whether a miniroot installation is necessary.
The installation utility can be customized with a set of preferences that
apply to Inst and to Software Manager. Use
as a comprehensive reference for specifying preferences and for managing the
configuration files that store preference settings for both interfaces.
The Software Installation Administrator's Guide does not explain how to
install software for diskless operation. Please refer to the Diskless
Workstation Administration Guide for instructions on installing diskless
What This Guide Contains
The Software Installation Administrator's Guide is organized into nine
chapters and an appendix, which provide this information:
Chapter 1, "Introduction"
Describes how software distributions are organized and the effects of this
organization on the installation process. Introduces the fundamental concepts
and vocabulary of software installation and presents an overview of the
installation process using Inst.
Chapter 2, "Preparing for Installation"
Identifies the factors that must be considered in planning for installations
and describes the preliminary work that should be done on a server and target
system to ensure smooth installations.
Chapter 3, "Starting a Miniroot Installation"
Describes how miniroot installations work and how to prepare for them.
Contains procedures for starting a miniroot installation from different
distribution media on various models of Silicon Graphics systems. Use this
chapter in conjunction with the procedures in
to install software that requires a shutdown of fundamental IRIX services.
Chapter 4, "Starting a Live Installation"
Explains how to start an installation on a running system. Use this chapter in
conjunction with the procedures in
to perform live software installations.
Chapter 5, "Using Inst"
Contains procedures for using Inst to perform a software installation during
either a miniroot installation (
) or a live installation (
Chapter 6, "Inst for Experts"
Describes optional methods for using Inst that supplement the basic method
. In general, procedures in this chapter require mastery of
Chapter 7, "Maintenance Tips"
Contains procedures for updating installed software and keeping software
current with site requirements.
Chapter 8, "Tailoring Inst Operation"
Explains how to customize Inst to suite both personal preferences and the
requirements of other system users. Includes information for tailoring
Chapter 9, "Inst Command Reference"
Describes all commands that are available from Inst menus, including hidden
commands. Commands are ordered alphabetically by menu.
Appendix A, "Installation Troubleshooting"
Explains the types of errors that can occur during an installation, how to
control error reporting, and how to interpret and resolve errors during
various phases of the installation process.
Audience for This Guide
The audience for the Software Installation Administrator's Guide is
experienced UNIX® system and site administrators who are responsible for
installing software on various models of Silicon Graphics workstations and
servers. This guide may also be used by individual workstation owners as a
comprehensive guide to software installation.
Procedures in this guide require these proficiencies:
- For routine installations, experience with a command line interface and
familiarity with UNIX documentation conventions
- For site preparation procedures, competence with managing servers and
communications between network nodes
- For advanced troubleshooting and installing on systems with non-standard
filesystem configurations, proficiency with UNIX filesystem management
This document uses standard UNIX conventions when referring to IRIX reference
pages. A command name is followed by a section number in parentheses. For
example, mkfs(1M) refers to the mkfs command entry in Section 1M
of the IRIX reference pages.
In text descriptions, filenames, directory names, commands, and command
arguments appear in italics. Screen text, command syntax descriptions, and
user entries follow these conventions:
- typewriter font
Menus, prompts, error messages, and other screen displays.
Commands and literal arguments, keywords and their abbreviations, and any text
that is entered exactly as shown.
Variables and any other portion of an entry for which the user must supply a
(Angle brackets) Optional components in an entry.
Refer to the documents listed below for supplementary information.
- IRIX Advanced Site and Server Administration Guide for information
on IRIX filesystem management and on system and network administration.
- The owner's guide to target systems for specific information on
using the services of the programmable read-only memory (PROM).
- Personal System Administration Guide for instructions on using the
- Diskless Workstation Administration Guide for information on
installing software for diskless clients.
to Technical Publications.
Copyright © 1997,
Silicon Graphics, Inc.
All Rights Reserved.