IRIX Advanced Site and Server Administration Guide
This guide explains how to use the system-level IRIX® utilities available with IRIS® workstations and servers. It provides descriptions of a broad range of tasks, from turning on a system, to adding users, to connecting systems in a network.
The standard network communications software that runs on Silicon Graphics® workstations is derived from the networking software in the 4.3BSD UNIX® releases from the University of California at Berkeley and the Sun® Microsystems RPC® (remote procedure call) system. The IRIX operating system implements the Internet Protocol suite and UNIX domain sockets using the 4.3BSD UNIX socket mechanism. The system also supports access to the underlying network media by means of raw sockets.
If you have a graphics workstation, you may find it convenient to use the System Manager, which is described in the Personal System Administration Guide. That guide should be your first resource for administering graphics workstations. Regardless of whether you use the System Manager or the IRIX command-line interface, the results are the same. The System Manager does not create any new files on your system, unlike applications such as WorkSpace.
If you have a server, this book (the IRIX Advanced Site and Server Administration Guide) is your primary guide to system administration, since without graphics, you cannot use the System Manager. This guide does not describe the System Manager in great detail. Instead, it covers the traditional shell command approach to administering an IRIX operating system.
If you are running the Trusted IRIX/B (TM) operating system, you should also read the Trusted IRIX/B Security Administration Guide for additional instructions and procedures necessary to maintain system security.
The IRIX Advanced Site and Server Administration Guide is written for administrators who are responsible for performing tasks beyond the reasonable scope of ``end users.'' Frequently, people who would consider themselves end users find themselves performing advanced administrative tasks. This book has been prepared to help both the new and experienced administrator successfully perform all operations necessary to maintain a single system or network of systems. It is hoped that people who considered themselves end users in the past will, by using this book, gain experience and confidence in successfully performing advanced system administration tasks.
The title of the book indicates that the material covered is advanced, beyond the scope of the Personal System Administration Guide, and that the topics covered are not only those needed to administer a single system, but also those needed to maintain an entire network (a site) of systems and servers. This guide contains chapters that address the advanced issues a graphics workstation administrator encounters and all the issues that a site and server administrator encounters.
This guide contains:
For easy reference, here is a list of the guides and resources provided with your system and the specific focus and scope of each:
When you have an administration question or problem, first consider the nature of your problem and compare it with the books on this list. As you learn more about your IRIS workstation or server, you'll be able to select the correct documentation automatically.
This guide contains material from five guides that are no longer being published:
The Network Communications Guide
The TCP/IP User's Guide
The Network Administration Guide
The System Tuning and Configuration Guide
The IRIX Site Administrator's Guide
This guide is intended for administrators who manage one or more servers or a group of workstations. Most simple system administration on an individual graphics workstation can be performed by the user with System Manager. This tool is documented thoroughly in the Personal System Administration Guide. The IRIX Advanced Site and Server Administration Guide is written for the administrator who:
has a solid understanding of the UNIX operating system and command line
is moving into the area of network administration
is experienced with general network administration but needs specific
knowledge about Silicon Graphics networking implementations
is responsible for setting up and managing a new IRIS network
is responsible for integrating IRIS systems into an existing network
This guide is not written for users who simply want to attach their workstation to the network. If this is your goal, see the Personal System Administration Guide for easy-to-follow directions.
This guide follows these conventions:
In command syntax descriptions and examples, square brackets () surround
an optional argument. (Square brackets are also used with shell commands
as metacharacters, see "Using
Regular Expressions and Metacharacters".)
Variable parameters are in italics. You replace these variables
with the appropriate string or value.
In text descriptions, file names, IRIX commands, and Command Monitor
commands are in italics.
System messages and displays are shown in typewriter font.
Bold typewriter font is for user input and non-printing characters. For example: <Return>.
This guide uses the standard UNIX convention for referring to entries in IRIX documentation. The entry name is followed by a section number in parentheses. For example, rcp(1C) refers to the rcp online reference page.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. provides a comprehensive product support and maintenance program for hardware and software products. For further information, contact your service organization.
Internet Request For Comment documents are available from the Internet Network Information Center (INTERNIC) at the following address:
Attn: InterNIC Registration Services
505 Huntmar Park Drive
Herndon, VA 22070
Phone: 1-800-444-4345 or 1-703-742-4777
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