SLATEC Routines --- DHSTRT ---

```*DECK DHSTRT
SUBROUTINE DHSTRT (DF, NEQ, A, B, Y, YPRIME, ETOL, MORDER, SMALL,
+   BIG, SPY, PV, YP, SF, RPAR, IPAR, H)
C***BEGIN PROLOGUE  DHSTRT
C***SUBSIDIARY
C***PURPOSE  Subsidiary to DDEABM, DDEBDF and DDERKF
C***LIBRARY   SLATEC
C***TYPE      DOUBLE PRECISION (HSTART-S, DHSTRT-D)
C***AUTHOR  Watts, H. A., (SNLA)
C***DESCRIPTION
C
C   DHSTRT computes a starting step size to be used in solving initial
C   value problems in ordinary differential equations.
C
C **********************************************************************
C  ABSTRACT
C
C     Subroutine DHSTRT computes a starting step size to be used by an
C     initial value method in solving ordinary differential equations.
C     It is based on an estimate of the local Lipschitz constant for the
C     differential equation   (lower bound on a norm of the Jacobian) ,
C     a bound on the differential equation  (first derivative) , and
C     a bound on the partial derivative of the equation with respect to
C     the independent variable.
C     (all approximated near the initial point A)
C
C     Subroutine DHSTRT uses a function subprogram DHVNRM for computing
C     a vector norm. The maximum norm is presently utilized though it
C     can easily be replaced by any other vector norm. It is presumed
C     that any replacement norm routine would be carefully coded to
C     prevent unnecessary underflows or overflows from occurring, and
C     also, would not alter the vector or number of components.
C
C **********************************************************************
C  On input you must provide the following
C
C      DF -- This is a subroutine of the form
C                               DF(X,U,UPRIME,RPAR,IPAR)
C             which defines the system of first order differential
C             equations to be solved. For the given values of X and the
C             vector  U(*)=(U(1),U(2),...,U(NEQ)) , the subroutine must
C             evaluate the NEQ components of the system of differential
C             equations  DU/DX=DF(X,U)  and store the derivatives in the
C             array UPRIME(*), that is,  UPRIME(I) = * DU(I)/DX *  for
C             equations I=1,...,NEQ.
C
C             Subroutine DF must not alter X or U(*). You must declare
C             the name DF in an external statement in your program that
C             calls DHSTRT. You must dimension U and UPRIME in DF.
C
C             RPAR and IPAR are DOUBLE PRECISION and INTEGER parameter
C             arrays which you can use for communication between your
C             program and subroutine DF. They are not used or altered by
C             DHSTRT. If you do not need RPAR or IPAR, ignore these
C             parameters by treating them as dummy arguments. If you do
C             choose to use them, dimension them in your program and in
C             DF as arrays of appropriate length.
C
C      NEQ -- This is the number of (first order) differential equations
C             to be integrated.
C
C      A -- This is the initial point of integration.
C
C      B -- This is a value of the independent variable used to define
C             the direction of integration. A reasonable choice is to
C             set  B  to the first point at which a solution is desired.
C             You can also use  B, if necessary, to restrict the length
C             of the first integration step because the algorithm will
C             not compute a starting step length which is bigger than
C             ABS(B-A), unless  B  has been chosen too close to  A.
C             (it is presumed that DHSTRT has been called with  B
C             different from  A  on the machine being used. Also see the
C             discussion about the parameter  SMALL.)
C
C      Y(*) -- This is the vector of initial values of the NEQ solution
C             components at the initial point  A.
C
C      YPRIME(*) -- This is the vector of derivatives of the NEQ
C             solution components at the initial point  A.
C             (defined by the differential equations in subroutine DF)
C
C      ETOL -- This is the vector of error tolerances corresponding to
C             the NEQ solution components. It is assumed that all
C             elements are positive. Following the first integration
C             step, the tolerances are expected to be used by the
C             integrator in an error test which roughly requires that
C                        ABS(LOCAL ERROR)  .LE.  ETOL
C             for each vector component.
C
C      MORDER -- This is the order of the formula which will be used by
C             the initial value method for taking the first integration
C             step.
C
C      SMALL -- This is a small positive machine dependent constant
C             which is used for protecting against computations with
C             numbers which are too small relative to the precision of
C             floating point arithmetic.  SMALL  should be set to
C             (approximately) the smallest positive DOUBLE PRECISION
C             number such that  (1.+SMALL) .GT. 1.  on the machine being
C             used. The quantity  SMALL**(3/8)  is used in computing
C             increments of variables for approximating derivatives by
C             differences.  Also the algorithm will not compute a
C             starting step length which is smaller than
C             100*SMALL*ABS(A).
C
C      BIG -- This is a large positive machine dependent constant which
C             is used for preventing machine overflows. A reasonable
C             choice is to set big to (approximately) the square root of
C             the largest DOUBLE PRECISION number which can be held in
C             the machine.
C
C      SPY(*),PV(*),YP(*),SF(*) -- These are DOUBLE PRECISION work
C             arrays of length NEQ which provide the routine with needed
C             storage space.
C
C      RPAR,IPAR -- These are parameter arrays, of DOUBLE PRECISION and
C             INTEGER type, respectively, which can be used for
C             communication between your program and the DF subroutine.
C             They are not used or altered by DHSTRT.
C
C **********************************************************************
C  On Output  (after the return from DHSTRT),
C
C      H -- is an appropriate starting step size to be attempted by the
C             differential equation method.
C
C           All parameters in the call list remain unchanged except for
C           the working arrays SPY(*),PV(*),YP(*), and SF(*).
C
C **********************************************************************
C