SLATEC Routines --- BINTK ---

```*DECK BINTK
SUBROUTINE BINTK (X, Y, T, N, K, BCOEF, Q, WORK)
C***BEGIN PROLOGUE  BINTK
C***PURPOSE  Compute the B-representation of a spline which interpolates
C            given data.
C***LIBRARY   SLATEC
C***CATEGORY  E1A
C***TYPE      SINGLE PRECISION (BINTK-S, DBINTK-D)
C***KEYWORDS  B-SPLINE, DATA FITTING, INTERPOLATION
C***AUTHOR  Amos, D. E., (SNLA)
C***DESCRIPTION
C
C     Written by Carl de Boor and modified by D. E. Amos
C
C     Abstract
C
C         BINTK is the SPLINT routine of the reference.
C
C         BINTK produces the B-spline coefficients, BCOEF, of the
C         B-spline of order K with knots T(I), I=1,...,N+K, which
C         takes on the value Y(I) at X(I), I=1,...,N.  The spline or
C         any of its derivatives can be evaluated by calls to BVALU.
C         The I-th equation of the linear system A*BCOEF = B for the
C         coefficients of the interpolant enforces interpolation at
C         X(I)), I=1,...,N.  Hence, B(I) = Y(I), all I, and A is
C         a band matrix with 2K-1 bands if A is invertible. The matrix
C         A is generated row by row and stored, diagonal by diagonal,
C         in the rows of Q, with the main diagonal going into row K.
C         The banded system is then solved by a call to BNFAC (which
C         constructs the triangular factorization for A and stores it
C         again in Q), followed by a call to BNSLV (which then
C         obtains the solution BCOEF by substitution). BNFAC does no
C         pivoting, since the total positivity of the matrix A makes
C         this unnecessary.  The linear system to be solved is
C         (theoretically) invertible if and only if
C                 T(I) .LT. X(I)) .LT. T(I+K),        all I.
C         Equality is permitted on the left for I=1 and on the right
C         for I=N when K knots are used at X(1) or X(N).  Otherwise,
C         violation of this condition is certain to lead to an error.
C
C     Description of Arguments
C         Input
C           X       - vector of length N containing data point abscissa
C                     in strictly increasing order.
C           Y       - corresponding vector of length N containing data
C                     point ordinates.
C           T       - knot vector of length N+K
C                     since T(1),..,T(K) .LE. X(1) and T(N+1),..,T(N+K)
C                     .GE. X(N), this leaves only N-K knots (not nec-
C                     essarily X(I)) values) interior to (X(1),X(N))
C           N       - number of data points, N .GE. K
C           K       - order of the spline, K .GE. 1
C
C         Output
C           BCOEF   - a vector of length N containing the B-spline
C                     coefficients
C           Q       - a work vector of length (2*K-1)*N, containing
C                     the triangular factorization of the coefficient
C                     matrix of the linear system being solved.  The
C                     coefficients for the interpolant of an
C                     additional data set (X(I)),YY(I)), I=1,...,N
C                     YY into BCOEF and then executing
C                         CALL BNSLV (Q,2K-1,N,K-1,K-1,BCOEF)
C           WORK    - work vector of length 2*K
C
C     Error Conditions
C         Improper  input is a fatal error
C         Singular system of equations is a fatal error
C
C***REFERENCES  D. E. Amos, Computation with splines and B-splines,
C                 Report SAND78-1968, Sandia Laboratories, March 1979.
C               Carl de Boor, Package for calculating with B-splines,
C                 SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis 14, 3 (June 1977),
C                 pp. 441-472.
C               Carl de Boor, A Practical Guide to Splines, Applied
C                 Mathematics Series 27, Springer-Verlag, New York,
C                 1978.
C***ROUTINES CALLED  BNFAC, BNSLV, BSPVN, XERMSG
C***REVISION HISTORY  (YYMMDD)
C   800901  DATE WRITTEN
C   890531  Changed all specific intrinsics to generic.  (WRB)
C   890831  Modified array declarations.  (WRB)
C   890831  REVISION DATE from Version 3.2
C   891214  Prologue converted to Version 4.0 format.  (BAB)
C   900315  CALLs to XERROR changed to CALLs to XERMSG.  (THJ)
C   900326  Removed duplicate information from DESCRIPTION section.
C           (WRB)
C   920501  Reformatted the REFERENCES section.  (WRB)
C***END PROLOGUE  BINTK
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